Explore the World From Inside the U.S.: 13 Great Multicultural Destinations

BY KERRI ANNE RENZULLI ON 08/10/22 AT 6:00 AM EDT Along the Sea Islands and coastal plains of the Southeast, you'll find the Gullah Geechee people—descendants of enslaved West Africans forced to work on rice, cotton, and indigo plantations before the Civil War. Living on isolated islands…

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 Bench by the Road

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 Net Casting

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 Tool Shed

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 The Bateau

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 Homestead House

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 Praise House

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Free at Last: The Civil War Ends

On April 9, 1865, the Civil War ended with the surrender of the Confederate army at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia and almost immediately, celebrations all over Hilton Head erupted. By this point, Mitchelville’s prominence as the first black freedman’s town afforded visitors from dignitaries far and…

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Land Disputes: Hilton Head Island/Mitchelville is Spared

Following Lincoln’s assassination, President Andrew Johnson repealed a special order which distributed abandoned land to the formerly enslaved. This caused a great upheaval in areas surrounding Hilton Head, as planters came back to reclaim their property and labor contracts were now necessary for freedmen to…

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Mitchelville Starts to Decline

With the end of the Civil War, the Union Army began to leave the island, which led to scores of freedmen leaving too, either following the Army for jobs, moving on to reclaimed plantations for wage jobs, or moving further inland. At the same time,…

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Land Disputes: Drayton Returns to Reclaim Mitchelville

The Drayton Plantation (on which Mitchelville was located) was returned to the heirs of its former owner in April 1875, with the federal government deed failing to provide any protection for Mitchelville. The Drayton heirs, however, were not interested in planting the lands and began…

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Mitchelville Today

Much of the land for Mitchelville was purchased by March Gardner and managed by his son, Gabriel. Due to lawsuits and a series of land purchases, the land that was once Mitchelville was sold to the Hilton Head Company in 1950. Mitchelville was placed on…

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